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美妙英语散文:幸福之道!

时间:2010-08-12 07:24    来源:    作者: 点击:
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The Road To Happiness
幸福之道

It is a commonplace among moralists that you cannot get happiness by pursuing it. This is only true if you pursue it unwisely. Gamblers at Monte Carlo are pursuing money, and most of them lose it instead, but there are other ways of pursuing money, which often succeed. So it is with happiness.
家们常说:幸福靠寻求是得不到的。只有用不明智的方法去寻求才是这样。蒙特卡洛城的赌徒们寻求款项,但年夜都人却把钱输失了,而此外一些寻求款项的步伐却常常乐成。寻求幸福也是一样。

If you pursue it by means of drink, you are forgetting the hang-over. Epicurus pursued it by living only in congenial society and eating only dry bread, supplemented by a little cheese on feast days. His method proved successful in his case, but he was a valetudinarian, and most people would need something more vigorous.
要是你经由过程酣饮来寻求幸福,那你就健忘了酒醉后的不适。埃毕丘鲁斯寻求幸福的步伐是只和志趣相投的人一路糊口,只吃不涂黄油的面包,节日才加一点奶酪。他的步伐对他来说是乐成的,但他是个体弱多病的人,而年夜都人必要的是精力富裕。

For most people, the pursuit of happiness, unless supplemented in various ways, is too abstract and theoretical to be adequate as a personal rule of life. But I think that whatever personal rule of life you may choose it should not, except in rare and heroic cases, be incompatible with happiness.
就年夜都人来说,除非你有其它补充步伐,这样寻求欢愉就过于抽象和脱离实际,不宜作为个人私家的糊口准则。不过,我感受无论你选择什么样的糊口准则,除了那些有数的和好汉人物的例子外,都应该是和幸福相容的。

There are a great many people who have all the material conditions of happiness, i.e. health and a sufficient income, and who, nevertheless, are profoundly unhappy. In such cases it would seem as if the fault must lie with a wrong theory as to how to live.
很多人拥有得到幸福的全数物质前提,即康健的身材和丰足的收入,然则他们很是纳闷乐。就这种情形来说,似乎题目处在糊口理论的错误上。

In one sense, we may say that any theory as to how to live is wrong. We imagine ourselves more different from the animals than we are. Animals live on impulse, and are happy as long as external conditions are favorable. If you have a cat it will enjoy life if it has food and warmth and opportunities for an occasional night on the tiles.
从某种意义上讲,我们可以说任何关于糊口的理论都是不精确的。我们和动物的区别并没有我们想象的那么年夜。动物是凭冲动糊口的,只要客不美观前提有利,它们就会欢愉。要是你有一只猫,它只要有对象吃,感想缓和,无意偶然偶然晚上获得机遇去寻欢,它就会很快活。

Your needs are more complex than those of your cat, but they still have their basis in instinct. In civilized societies, especially in English-speaking societies, this is too apt to be forgotten. People propose to themselves some one paramount objective, and restrain all impulses that do not minister to it.
你的必要比你的猫要庞年夜一些,但照样以本能为基本的。在文明社会中,出格是在讲英语的社会中,这一点很轻易被忘怀。人们给自己定下一个最高的方针,对统统倒霉于实现这一方针的冲动都加以禁止。

A businessman may be so anxious to grow rich that to this end he sacrifices health and private affections. When at last he has become rich, no pleasure remains to him except harrying other people by exhortations to imitate his noble example.
买卖人年夜概由于切望蓬勃甚至不惜捐躯康健和情。等他终于发了财,他除了苦苦劝人师法他的好圭臬而搅得别民气烦外,并没有获得欢愉。

Many rich ladies, although nature has not endowed them with any spontaneous pleasure in literature or art, decide to be thought cultured, and spend boring hours learning the right thing to say about fashionable new books that are written to give delight, not to afford opportunities for dusty snobbism.
很多有钱的贵妇人,只管自然并未赋予她们任何赏识文学或艺术的乐趣,却决定要使别人以为她们是有教化的,于是他们花消很多烦人的时刻进修若何评论争吵那些风行的新书。这些誊写出来是要给人以爱好的,而不是要给人以附庸年夜雅的机遇的。

If you look around at the men and women whom you can call happy, you will see that they all have certain things in common. The most important of these things is an activity which at most gradually builds up something that you are glad to see coming into existence.
只要你不雅察看一下四周那些你可称之为幸福的女女,就会看出他们都有某些合营之处。在这些合营之处中有一点是最紧张的:那便是勾当本身,它在年夜年夜都情形下本身就很风趣,而且可徐徐的使你的愿望得以实现。

Women who take an instinctive pleasure in their children can get this kind of satisfaction out of bringing up a family. Artists and authors and men of science get happiness in this way if their own work seems good to them. But there are many humbler forms of the same kind of pleasure.
生性喜好孩子的妇女,能够从抚育后世中获得这种餍足。艺术家、作家和科学家要是对自己的事感情想对劲,也能以同样的方法获得欢愉。不过,另有很多是较低层次的欢愉。

Many men who spend their working life in the city devote their weekends to voluntary and unremunerated toil in their gardens, and when the spring comes, they experience all the joys of having created beauty.
良多在城里事项的人到了周末志愿地在自家的庭院里做无偿的劳动,春天来时,他们就可肆意享受自己缔造的美景带来的欢愉。

The whole subject of happiness has, in my opinion, been treated too solemnly. It had been thought that man cannot be happy without a theory of life or a religion. Perhaps those who have been rendered unhappy by a bad theory may need a better theory to help them to recovery, just as you may need a tonic when you have been ill.
在我看来,整个关于欢愉的话题一贯都被太严明的对待过了。已往一向有这样的观点:要是没有一种糊口的理论可能宗教崇奉,人是不成能幸福的。大概那些因为理论不好才导致纳闷乐的人必要一种较好的理论辅佐他们从头快活起来,就像你生过病必要吃补药一样。

But when things are normal a man should be healthy without a tonic and happy without a theory. It is the simple things that really matter. If a man delights in his wife and children, has success in work, and finds pleasure in the alternation of day and night, spring and autumn, he will be happy whatever his philosophy may be.
可是,正常情形下,一个人私家不吃补药也理当是康健的;没有理论也理当是幸福的。真正有相关的是一些年夜略的工作。要是一个汉子喜好他的妻子后代,奇迹有成,而且无论白日黑夜,春去秋来,老是感想开心,那么不管他的理论怎样,城市是欢愉的。

If, on the other hand, he finds his wife fateful, his children's noise unendurable, and the office a nightmare; if in the daytime he longs for night, and at night sighs for the light of day, then what he needs is not a new philosophy but a new regimen----a different diet, or more exercise, or what not.
反之,要是他腻烦自己的妻子,受不了孩子们的嘈吵,而且怕惧上班;要是他白日渴望夜晚,而到了晚上又渴想着天明,那么,他所必要的就不是一种新的理论,而是一种新的糊口——变化饮食风俗,多磨炼身材等等。

Man is an animal, and his happiness depends on his physiology more than he likes to think. This is a humble conclusion, but I cannot make myself disbelieve it. Unhappy businessmen, I am convinced, would increase their happiness more by walking six miles every day than by any conceivable change of philosophy.
人是动物,他的幸福更多的时辰取决于其心理状态而非思惟状态。这是一个很俗气的结论,然而我无法使自己猜疑它。我确信,不幸福的贩子与其找到新的理论来使自己幸福,还不如天天步辇儿六英里更奏效。

 




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