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经典散文--BrotherofJesus

时间:2010-08-10 09:47    来源:    作者: 点击:
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Brother of Jesus

  In October 2002, the Biblical Archaeology Society announced a discovery which could provide historical evidence for the existence of Jesus. An inscription had been found on an ancient bone box (ossuary) that reads “James, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus.” If authentic, this container provides the only new Testament-era mention of the central figure of Christianity and is the first-ever archaeological discovery to corroborate biblical references to Jesus. This June, the Discovery Channel followed the story of the unearthing in Israel of this ancient ossuary, providing viewers with new information about the discovery of this historic relic and raising questions about Jesus’ family life.

  According to one of the world’s leading specialist in ancient inscriptions, Andre Lemaire of the Sorbonne University in Paris, the Aramaic words etched on the box’s side show a cursive form of writing used only from about 10 to 70 AD. Ancient inscriptions are typically found on royal monuments or on lavish tombs, commemorating rulers and other official figures. But Jesus, who was raised by a carpenter, was a man of the people, so finding documentation of his family is unexpected. The find is also significant in that it corroborates the existence of Joseph, Jesus’ father, and James, Jesus’ brother and a leader of the early Christian church in Jerusalem. The family relationships contained on the ossuary helped experts uncover that the inscription very likely refers to the biblical James, brother of Jesus. Although all three names were common in ancient times, the statistical probability of their appearing in that combination is extremely slim. In addition, the mention of a brother is unusual, indicating that this Jesus must have been a well-known figure.

耶稣的兄弟

  2002年10月,圣经考古学会宣布揭晓一项发明,年夜概供应了耶稣确实存在人间的历史证据。在一个古代的藏骨柜上发了然以下的雕镂笔墨:“雅名,约瑟之子,耶稣的兄弟”。要是属实,这座藏骨柜将是“新约期间”首度说起这位基督天下的焦点分子,也是第一个能证明圣经说起之耶稣古迹的考古发明。今年6月,Discovery频道追踪了这座古代藏骨棺在以色列的出土历程,供应不美观众有关发明这个历史遗物的新资讯,也对耶稣的家庭糊口提出了新的疑问。

  按照天下上压服统统的碑铭研究家,巴黎索邦年夜学的李梅尔教授暗示,刻在藏骨棺阁下的阿拉姆笔墨,因此一种仅在西元10到70年间使用的草写方法完成的。一样寻常来说,古代铭文常在皇室眷念碑或奢华的陵墓中发明,用来眷念统治者或其他官方人物。可是耶稣发展在木匠之家,属一介平平易近,是以能够发明他眷属的笔墨记实,其实出人意料。这项发明的紧张还在于它证明了耶稣的父亲约瑟以及兄弟雅各的存在,雅各也是早期耶路撒冷基督教的翘楚。记实于藏骨棺上的家庭相关有助于专家确定,此铭文极年夜概与圣经中耶稣的兄弟雅各脱不了相关。虽然这三个名字在古时辰都很普遍,但统计机率表现,三个名字同时呈现于父子三人组合的机遇微乎其微。另外,在铭文中提到某人的兄弟是很不平凡的,此举暗示这位耶稣肯定曾是一位着名士物。

关键词

inscription / / n.铭文,碑文

authentic / / adj.真实的,靠得住的

corroborate / / v.证明,确认

biblical / / adj.圣经的,圣经中的

reference / / n.说起,涉及

unearthing / / n.发明,出土

etch / / v.蚀刻

typically / /adv.规范地,一样寻常地

commemorate / / v.庆祝,眷念

unexpected / / adj.意外的,突如其来的

significant / / adj.故意义的,紧张的

slim / / adj.渺茫的




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