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研究:为什么女性理解笑话慢半拍?

时间:2010-07-27 21:52    来源:    作者: 点击:
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    If you tell a woman a joke and get a blank look, don't immediately despair.

    She's just taking her time to understand it.

    But if the punchline does eventually make her laugh it will be worth the wait.

    Scientists have found that while women are slower than men at getting jokes, they enjoy them more when the penny does drop.

    Research shows that women use their brain more than men to process quips and have less expectation that they will be funny.

    When a joke does hit the right note, however, they derive more pleasure from it.

    Scientists asked ten men and ten women to look at dozens of black and white cartoons and rate them on a 'funniness scale'.

    During the process they underwent sophisticated scans that mapped which parts of their brain were lighting up and timed how long it took them to respond to a joke.

    Although the scans were largely similar, the women tended to use certain parts of their brain more than the men. These included the pre-frontal cortex, which helps us decode language and screen out irrelevancies.

    Researcher Professor Allan Reiss said: "Our findings fit the stereotype of how men and women react to humour. We found greater activity in the pre-frontal cortex in women, indicating women are processing stimuli that involve language areas of the brain.

    "The interpretation of that finding is that women tend to respond more to narrative and wordplay than slapstick."

    Analysis of a 'feelgood' brain region called the nucleus accumbens also revealed that men and women have different attitudes to humour. Professor Reiss, of Stanford University in California, said: "Women appeared to have less expectation of a reward, which in this case was the punchline of the cartoon. So when they got the joke's punchline, they were more pleased about it."

    The funnier the cartoon, the more the women's nucleus accumbens lit up. This was not the case for men, who seemed to expect the cartoons to be funny from the start.

    The women took slightly longer than the men to react to jokes that were funny - but were quicker to spot duds.

    要是你给一位女士讲了个笑话,但获得的只是一个茫然的眼神,可别失踪望得太早。

    她只是必要时刻来熟悉。

    但要是你所说的笑话终极能博她一笑,那么照样值得一等的。

    科研职员发明,只管女熟悉笑话比慢半拍,但一旦她们"豁然开畅",会比性更享受其中的好。

    研究剖明,女性在理解理睬诙谐时的用脑程度高于男性,同时她们对笑料的预期低于男性。

    但一旦她们发明笑话的妙地方在,则能从中获得更多的爱好。

    研究职员让十名男性和十名女性看几十张利害卡通画,并让他们对这些画举办"意见意义评级".

    在此历程中,研究职员对受测者举办了准确的脑部扫描,以绘制出他们年夜脑的哪些部位被"点亮",并对他们对一个笑话做出回响的时刻举办了测定。

    只管扫描功效非凡很是近似,但女性使用年夜脑特定部位的程度赶过男性,其中包孕辅佐人们剖析说话、筛除无关信息的年夜脑前额叶皮层。

    研究职员艾伦?赖斯教授说:"我们的发明与男女对诙谐的回响模式符合合。我们发明,在措置赏罚赏罚诙谐信息时女性的前额叶皮层越发活泼,这剖明女性在措置赏罚赏罚刺激信息时使用了年夜脑的说话成果区。

    "女性对故事和笔墨游戏的回响比滑稽剧更凶猛可以用来评释这一发明。

    对被称为"欢愉认为区"的年夜脑伏隔核的剖析回剖明,男性和女性对付诙谐的立场差别。加州斯坦福年夜学的赖斯教授说:"女性对付回报的等候似乎更低,这在试验中相称于卡通画的笑点。以是当女性一旦熟悉了其中的妙处,她们会更享受其中的爱好。"

    卡通画面越搞笑,女性年夜脑伏隔核被点亮的部分越多。但男性的情形却差别,他们似乎从最起头就对卡通画的意见意义性抱有很年夜等候。

    女性对风趣的笑话的回响时刻比男性略长,但却能更快看破嘲笑话。




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