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全谷类食物摄入能预防糖尿病、心脏病和体重增

时间:2010-07-27 21:52    来源:    作者: 点击:
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    Three daily servings of whole grains are recommended for prevention of type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and excess weight gain. Yet few adolescents or young adults follow these guidelines, according to national survey data. In a study published in the February 2010 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, researchers from the School of Public Health, University of Minnesota report that young people are consuming less than 1 serving of whole grains per day. The study took an in-depth look at influencers, modifiable factors, and interventions that are critical for successfully addressing this gap.

    Using the results of Project EAT (Eating Among Teens)-II, researchers analyzed the consumption of whole grains by 792 adolescents and 1,686 young adults between the ages of 15 and 23. There were 1,110 males (44.8%) and 1,368 females (55.2%) in the sample. Demographic characteristics were also collected to identify factors associated with daily intake of whole grains.

    Daily whole-grain servings were estimated by summing the reported frequency of consuming dark bread (1 slice), kasha/couscous/bulgur, popcorn (1 small bag), hot breakfast cereal (1 bowl), and cold breakfast cereal (1 bowl).

    The authors examined the associations of socio-environmental, personal, and behavioral factors with whole grain intake. For increased consumption, home availability of whole grains was the only socio-environmental factor, while a preference for the taste of whole-grain breads and confidence that one could change or maintain their eating patterns to consume the recommended number of whole grain servings were the personal factors of importance. Among behavioral factors, fast-food consumption negatively affected whole grain consumption.

    Writing in the article, Nicole I. Larson, PhD, MPH, RD, Research Associate, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, and colleagues state, "The findings of this study indicate that interventions designed to promote improvements in whole-grain intake should address confidence to consume whole grains, taste preferences for whole-grain products, and the availability of these foods in settings where youth frequently eat meals (schools, home, and restaurants). Nutrition interventions should provide opportunities to taste a variety of whole-grain foods, including newly developed products such as white whole-wheat bread…In order to improve the availability of whole-grain breads and other products at home, parents as well as youth may need to be provided additional tools to help them identify and prepare whole-grain products. The observation of an inverse relationship between fast-food intake and whole grain intake further suggests there is a need to improve the availability of whole-grain products in restaurants."

    2010年2月 04:15 提议三餐供应全谷类食品能防备II型糖尿病、冠芥蒂和体重增进,然而按照国家查询拜访数据剖明,青少年很少听以后项引导和提议,一项研究数据揭晓于2010年2月美国饮食协会杂志上,研究职员来自于明尼苏达年夜学平易近众卫生学院,报道说年青人天天摄入还不到一餐的全谷类食品,此项研究至关紧张的是要进一步探求此影响身分、变化身分和各类干与干预法子以乐成的措置赏罚赏罚这种差距。

    操作饮食项目的查询拜访功效(青少年的饮食)-II,研究职员剖析了春秋介于15--23岁之间的792名处于青春期的孩子和1,686名青年人,此样本中有1,110名 (44.8%) 和1,368名女(55.2%),统计学特征还网络和鉴识与全谷类摄入相干的一些身分。

    成立逐日全谷类食品的统计报表,如黑面包(1片),卡沙/库斯库斯/碾碎干,爆米花(1小袋),热早餐麦片(1碗),冷早餐麦片(1碗) .

    作者还搜检与全谷类摄入相干的社会环境、本性特性和举动身分。为了增进全谷类食品摄入,家庭可行性全谷类食品的摄入是独一的社会环境身分,供应适口的全麦面包,信托这样会变化或维持他们的饮食形态,对付紧张的个体身分是食用几种举荐的全谷类食物。在举动身分之中,食用快餐食品对全谷类食品的摄入将孕育产生负面的影响。

    此文章作者 Nicole I. Larson博士,平易近众卫生硕士、美国明尼苏达年夜学平易近众卫生学院,风行病学和社区卫生部副研究员,和他的同事声明:"此项研究功效剖明,要计一律些干与干预法子以促进全谷类食品的摄入,树立抉择信心,供应甘旨适口的全谷类食品,在年青人通俗就餐的处所(黉舍、家庭、各类餐馆)提供一些谷类食品。营养干与干预法子是供应品尝各类千般全谷类食品的机遇,包孕新开发的产品象全燕麦面包等,为了在家庭里能供应全燕麦面包和其他品种谷类食品的提供,一些附加的工具必要提供给家长及青少年,以辅佐他们鉴识和筹备全谷类食品,不雅察看快餐食品和全谷类食品摄入成反比的相关更进一步提议进步全谷类食物在餐馆的提供。




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